Biomechanical Alterations During Aquatic Treadmill Running
Running has become one of the most popular recreational sports with many runners suffering an injury at some point in their lives. Water running, and more specifically aquatic treadmill (ATM) running, has become increasingly popular as part of the rehabilitation of injuries and as a means of cross-training.
The water provides unique characteristics as there are fluid forces acting on the body during immersion. The buoyancy force (upward) acts in the opposite direction to the force of gravity, whereas the drag force acts in the opposite direction to the movement of an object (e.g., limb movement) through the water. Considering these characteristics of water immersion and the increasing popularity of ATM running, a clearer understanding of the biomechanical alterations is warranted in order to aid practitioners in enhancing outcomes when prescribing ATM running.
The purpose of this review is to discuss the kinematic, kinetic, spatiotemporal, and muscle activation differences between ATM and land treadmill running. Secondly, the possible benefits and limitations of applying an ATM running intervention as a means for returning to run or sport will be discussed.
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Health & Fitness Journal of Canada
Biomechanical Alterations during Aquatic Treadmill Running